What is origin of mustard and what are its main characteristics?
Mustard is an herbaceous plant that belongs to the Brassica family, which includes cabbage, broccoli and kale. Mustard is a plant that can grow wild on all continents, but it can also be grown for industrial processing.
Today there are three types of mustard - black mustard (Brassica nigra) and white mustard (Sinapis alba), but today is also mentioned the third variety of mustard, and its brown mustard. In addition to color, these types of mustard are differ after healing properties, physical properties and purposes.
The origin of mustard dates back to 5000 years ago, where the old books mentioned that the Greeks and Romans liked to use mustard in the diet, but also for the treatment of various acute and chronic conditions. It is believed that mustard comes from India, where it still grows, particularly black mustard. Today, mustard is industrially grown on the soil of Hungary, Australia, Canada, Great Britain and America.
Morphological appearance of Mustard - a plant with green leaves and small yellow flowers. It is very resistant to low temperatures and it belongs to group of honey plants, which the bees really worship.
Mustard seed is odorless, but when it start chewing, it begins with an oily, bitter and sour taste, which then becomes very keen, which bakes and grills. Flour obtained by grinding and then wetted with water also plays a very keen scent that provokes tears.
In addition to obtaining the mustard in grain form or in the form of flour, another form is present and that the essential oil of mustard, which is very therapeutic because it has strong antibacterial and antiseptic properties. The essential oil is a yellow color liquid with hot and strong odor, which can be very aggressive if applied undiluted to the skin. Therefore, caution should be present in the use of this oil.
What is the nutritional composition of mustard?
Nutritional composition of mustard is rich - the largest proportion consist of lipids, then carbohydrates and minerals. From minerals, mustard abounds in phosphorus, potassium, calcium, selenium, magnesium, manganese, iron, zinc, while vitamin composition of mustard make vitamin A, thiamine, riboflavin and niacin.
In addition to basic nutrients, mustard contains glycosides which encourage very bitter taste, and it also contains significant unsaturated omega 3 fatty acids which have strong antioxidant properties.
What are the Health Benefits of Mustard?
1. Healing properties on the digestive tract
Mustard promotes digestion, by enhancing secretion of saliva and digestive juices, so with a caution must be used by people with the ulcer on the stomach or with a sensitive stomach, because it can cause pain and cramping. Also, in larger doses, or during prolonged application, mustard can cause a laxative effect.
Positive operation of mustard is also reflected in the maintenance of the health of the liver and pancreas.
White mustard is a good cure for external hemorrhoids, but also is used in Ayurveda for removing flatulence.
2. Healing properties on the respiratory tract
Very efficient properties mustard shows in the respiratory tract, especially in conditions such as bronchitis, asthma, influenza and the common cold, pneumonia and pleurisy.
For this purpose, mustard is used in the form of lining for external use.
How to prepare a lining with mustard?
Take a handful of mustard flour and mix with enough water to give a softer texture of dough. Apply this paste between two towels and put it to the lungs, abdomen or any other problematic place. Hold covering until you start to feel a burning sensation or pain caused by the action of the glycoside of mustard. After 10 to 15 minutes of holding linings, remove them from the painful place and replace them with a warm towel. If the redness appears on the skin, there is no need to be panic. It is enough to wash it with warm water and lubricated with one coat of sesame oil or any other unrefined oil. If there are small children or people who can not stand the pain, in the mixture of flour and water, add a little flaxseed flour.
How to prepare tea for the treatment of respiratory infections?
Tea from seeds of mustard is made by a cup of boiling water and one teaspoon of ground mustard. Pour ground mustard with water and leave to stand for five minutes. This tea has excellent results in bronchitis, fevers, colds, pain in bones and muscles by stimulating circulation.
3. Skin problems
Mustard effectively removes, especially skin ulcers, wounds, cuts or burns. Just put a little mustard powder or diluted oil on injured spot on the skin and problems with wound infection will not exist.
4. Inducing vomiting after poisoning
Mustard contains strong glycosides which enhances the secretion of saliva and gastric juices. This can be exploited to cause vomiting in case of food poisoning.
5. The treatment of rheumatism and arthritis
If you have problems with poor blood circulation in the legs and hands, or you suffer from rheumatism, take the benefits of the mustard and make the lining of mustard flour. In addition to covering, for the treatment of rheumatism and pain in the bones and joints, it is recommended to prepare bath with placed two canvas bags filled with mustard flour.
Wraps are very effective when menstrual pain or inflammations of the ovaries are present, because mustard oil has deep penetration effect into the tissue.
6. Healing properties on the nervous system
As a spice, mustard is recommended for people who have mental problems like numbness, laziness, sleepiness, dizziness and the like. Such persons should be sure to take the mustard in food and they will be reborn.
How to preserved mustard in the household?
Mustard should be stored in the grain or milled in smaller quantities. It can grind in a coffee grinder or it can be grounded in the mortar. It is best stored in opaque box, in a dark and cool place. It is recommended to be used within two to three weeks after milling, because after that the healing properties of mustard are significantly reduced.
Use mustard in cooking
Mustard is known for a very strong antibacterial effect because it can effectively destroy all the parasites that are found in food. Therefore, everywhere in the world, mustard is known as an excellent means of preserving food.
It can be sprinkled over the rice, vegetables and salads to add color and flavor. Ground mustard can be used for toppings for salads, egg dishes, preparation of mustard, mayonnaise. It is especially recommended for the preparation of cabbage, cauliflower, beans, kale, and broccoli. It gives a special aromatic taste food if fried in oil seeds, and so is usually prepared in the celebrated Indian cuisine.