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Carob | health benefits | nutritional value | use as spice

Basic Characteristics of Carob


Carob (Ceratonia siliqua) is an evergreen tree that grows in the warm Mediterranean regions. 

Tree of carob likes dry habitats, warm landscapes and carob is a wood that is growing slowly and live for a long time - about 200 years.

Carob has therapeutic qualities in the digestive tract, especially in conditions such as diarrhea, nausea and gastritis. It's pretty mild, so carob can give babies and young children to relieve symptoms of diarrhea and nausea. Very quickly stops diarrhea in children, so it only need to add 2 teaspoons carob powder in the cookie jar for babies.

It belongs to legumes (leguminacea) since carob’s fruit is in the form of brown beans which carries ripe fruits of carob.

Carob originates from the Mediterranean (Syria and Pakistan) and its history dates back since 4 000 years ago. 

For carob knew the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans, Spaniards which used carob to feed but also for treatment.

The word carob is derived from the Greek word CoraƟ, meaning horn, as carob pods resembles a horn.

Also, the traditions say that John the Baptist survived in desert thanks to carob, due to which now called Johannisbrot.

Today, the largest producer of carob trees in the world are - Spain, Greece, Cyprus, Turkey, Italy, Algeria and Tunisia.

Nutritional Value of Carob


Ripe carob (when the green pods become light brown to brown) is sweetish taste, which is why we primarily used carob as a substitute for cocoa and chocolate.

Carob contains mostly carbohydrates (60-80%), and of sugar is largely represented fructose and sucrose. 

It contains 4.6% protein and 0.5% fat, and is one of the diet foods and healthy replacement for sugar and chocolate.

Mineral composition of carob consists of: calcium (in highest percentage is represented in carob), iron, phosphorus, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium.

Vitamin complex in carob belongs to B complex vitamins; especially vitamin B6 is present, but also the present and vitamin E.

Other nutrients discovered in carob are:

- Dietary fiber with a share of 40%

- Tannins, pectin, lignin

- Carob does not contain oxalic acid, which has a chocolate

- Does not contain a purine base, which contains cocoa

- Does not contain theobromine, like chocolate does

-Does not contain caffeine which has a coffee and chocolate


Health Benefits of Carob


1. Carob has therapeutic qualities in the digestive tract, especially in conditions such as diarrhea, nausea and gastritis. 

It's pretty mild, so carob can give babies and young children to relieve symptoms of diarrhea and nausea. 

Very quickly stops diarrhea in children, so it only need to add 2 teaspoons carob powder in the cookie jar for babies. 

Carob has astringent properties that tighten the contents of the intestines, attracting water and lining the damaged mucous membranes in the intestine.

2. Carob is rich in calcium and phosphorus, which has great significance in the process of calcification of bones and during growth of teeth in children. 

In adults, the use of carob is desirable for the purpose of prevention of osteoporosis, loss of bone mass, which is often the case with women in old age.

3. Carob is used to relieve dry coughing and for the state of sore throat.

4. Since carob does not contain caffeine, it is recommended for people with high blood pressure, as a substitute for coffee or tea.

5. Maintain of carob is to lowers the level of bad cholesterol in the blood, and is excellent at sessions of detoxification of the body.

6. The carob does not contain theobromine, which normally contains cocoa and chocolate. 

It is known that dogs are very sensitive to theobromine, which is why we avoid giving chocolate and cocoa to dogs, because it can be fatal. 

Therefore, carob is an ideal substitute for cocoa and chocolate, so it can be added to the sweet treats for dogs without fear of harm.

7. Carob contains complex carbon hydrate, which is its application in diabetic safe.

8. The carob has no psychoactive substances, such as caffeine; therefore there is no excitation, no effect on sleep, as well as changes in mood, as is the case with coffee.

9. Oxalic acid is found in cocoa, and is very undesirable when the absorption of iron and minerals in terms of.  

Also in patients with renal stones, oxalic acid creates more problems. This is not the case with carob, because it does not contain oxalic acid, it is desirable especially in these circumstances.

10. People suffering from gout should avoid foods that have in themselves a purine base, as is the case with cocoa. Carob does not contain purine, and is an ideal alternative to cocoa and chocolate.

Using Carob in Culinary


Carob in sales can be found in form of unopened pods, in the form of fruit, in the form of powder, locust bean gum or carob syrup.

Its sweet and mild taste replaces chocolate, cocoa, sugar pastries, cakes, puddings and biscuits at all where the chocolate is added. The taste will not change; on the contrary, cake will get a new dimension of taste, originating from carob.

Carob can nibble as seed and it's extremely good at protecting the lining of the throat and oral cavity, because carob possesses anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antibacterial properties.

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